Muscle pain is one of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia. Pain, stiffness and pain often contribute to increased fatigue and even disability in many people suffering from fibromyalgia. Many fibromyalgia sufferers discover that they have trouble staying active due to decreased range of motion and persistent muscle pain. Several researchers have theorized that muscle trauma and injuries can actually play a role in the cause of fibromyalgia. Doctors who treat a large number of fibromyalgia patients report that most patients say that their fibromyalgia was caused by an injury, a fact that corroborates the investigation.
Microtrauma to the muscles
Unfortunately, muscle injuries can be caused by almost anything. From car accidents to aggressive exercise routines, almost everyone suffers muscle injuries at some point in their lives. Most muscle injuries are released shortly after trauma, however, some injuries remain latent.
There is a typical story of people who develop fibromyalgia after trauma. The main complaint reported is generally severe pain in the area of the neck, shoulders and back. Often, people had no previous problems with continuous pain before the trauma. Shortly after the accident or trauma, the pain began and never disappeared. X-rays, evaluations, pain relievers and other medical treatments may help for a while, but the pain continues to be as intense as initially.
Muscle microtrauma tends to remain undetected by most patients. Sometimes, traumas caused by exercise or car accidents can affect the tiny muscles and nerves of your body. These small muscles can tear, which eventually contributes to the formation of trigger points around the body.
Sensitive points, or activation points, are areas in soft tissues, especially muscles, that are very sensitive and painful when pressed. Because they are found in different locations of the body, their presence is the main criterion used to diagnose fibromyalgia. Generalized fibromyalgia is diagnosed when there are generalized tender points in many different places. Localized or regional fibromyalgia, as the name implies, is located in a specific area of the body: the back, the upper body, the lower back, etc. Usually, people who have what is called posttraumatic fibromyalgia will have abnormal tension or nodes with localized spasms that can be felt by touch.
After a muscle injury, your first impulse may be to lie down and give your muscles a rest. While this may seem useful, it can actually lead to more pain; It could even cause you to develop chronic fibromyalgia pain. Muscles should be exercised to maintain tone and condition.
If they are allowed to rest for long periods of time, the muscles lose strength and tone, becoming very weak. As a result, when you resume the exercise, the muscles may suffer a spasm, tightening and congestion.
Oxygen, nutrients and waste materials can get trapped in these muscles, which increases the amount of pain you feel. In this way, it is believed that muscle injuries contribute to fibromyalgia symptoms.
Central nervous system injury
The lesion of the central nervous system also seems to be related to fibromyalgia. The central nervous system, which is formed by the brain and spine, can easily be injured by accidents, stress or infection. Lesions in the central nervous system can interfere with the release of neurotransmitters and hormones, as well as with blood flow, which causes severe pain and other symptoms.
A recent study analyzed the appearance of fibromyalgia symptoms in people with neck trauma. It was found that people with neck injuries are 13 times more likely to develop fibromyalgia than those without such injuries.
Central nervous system injury can also interfere with brain wave patterns. Brain waves are electrical patterns that represent the activities of your brain. There are four main types of brain waves, and each one is involved in different processes. Lesions can sometimes interfere with your brain waves, causing sleep disorders, fibrofog and other fibromyalgia symptoms.
Fibromyalgia syndrome has many people of all ages and backgrounds. Fibromyalgia affects women more than men, especially during the fertile years. More than 80% of people with fibromyalgia are women, however, some men have the disease.
What has become alarming is that young children are also affected with a condition called Juvenile or Pediatric Fibromyalgia. While the diagnosis of FM in children is much more difficult than the diagnosis and in adults, since the symptoms appear very gradually and children tend to be inconsistent in describing their symptoms; However, pain and challenges are no different from those of adults.
Fibro in the elderly
At the other end of the spectrum, older adults have the additional challenge that FM pain adds to their existing health problems. As it is likely that they are already dealing with some conditions that seem similar, the diagnosis of FM in older people can be a lengthy process.